In microvascular disease, tiny blood vessels that carry blood to the muscles and other tissues of the body no longer function properly. Although the disease is usually diagnosed in the eye (retinopathy) or kidney (kidney disease), the authors believe that these are markers of microvascular dysfunction throughout the body, especially in diabetics.
The study raises the view that microvascular disease is a systemic disease, not just a part of the body.
5. PAD (legs) are at higher risk for other cardiovascular diseases
“PAD (legs) has long been thought to be a sign that patients may also shrink arteries that cause the heart or brain. If patients have PAD, they are at higher risk for other cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes, "Beckman said. "Our research has shown that microvascular disease in any part of the body, such as the eyes, kidneys or feet (neuropathy) may be associated with decreased vascular function in other parts of the body, leaving patients at risk of potential lower extremity amputation."
6. Foot care is very important
Based on the findings, Beckman recommends that patients with microvascular disease need to closely observe and care for their feet to detect pain or injury early to promote healing and reduce amputation. "Patients with microvascular disease and PAD have the highest risk of lower extremity amputation and require maximum medication to reduce the risk," Beckman said.
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